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What is Physical Education?
Physical Education is the planned, progressive learning that takes place in school curriculum timetabled time and which is delivered to all pupils, from EYFS to Year 6. This involves both ‘learning to move’ (i.e. becoming more physically competent) and ‘moving to learn’ (e.g. learning through movement, a range of skills and understandings beyond physical activity, such as cooperating with others). The context for the learning is physical activity, with children experiencing a broad range of activities, including team sport, gymnastics, dance and swimming.
A high-quality physical education curriculum inspires all pupils to succeed and excel in competitive sport and other physically-demanding activities. It should provide opportunities for pupils to become physically confident in a way which supports their health and fitness. Opportunities to compete in sport and other activities build character and help to embed values such as fairness and respect.
At Calcot Schools, we place huge value and importance on Physical Education, not just to develop competence to excel in a broad range of physical activities, but to ensure all children are physically active for sustained periods of time, and become passionate about keeping active. We hope to inspire our children to lay the foundations so that they can remain physically active as adults, and to be our future sportsmen and sportswomen.
We intend to design a Physical Education curriculum with appropriate subject knowledge, skills and understanding as set out in the National Curriculum Physical Education Programmes of study, to fulfil the duties of the National Curriculum. In addition to this, we intend to provide as many opportunities for children as possible to engage in competitive sports and activities, and for them to lead active, healthy lives.
At Calcot Schools, we will implement a Physical Education Curriculum that:
- allows children to develop fundamental movement skills and become increasingly competent and confident to access a broad range of opportunities to extend their agility, balance and coordination. While these skills are first nurtured in EYFS and KS1, they are continually revisited in KS2, where children learn how to use them in different ways and link them in sequences of movement.
- teaches EYFS and KS1 children to master basic movements including running, jumping, throwing and catching, and begin to apply these in a range of activities. By the time children reach KS2, these skills are nurtured in isolation and combination.
- enables children to participate in team games, developing simple tactics for attacking and defending, developing the skills required to access competitive games such as badminton, basketball, cricket, football, hockey, netball, rounders, gaelic football, handball and tennis.
- teaches EYFS and KS1 children to perform dances using simple movement patterns, progressing to a range of movement patterns and performances by KS2.
- allows children to develop flexibility, strength, technique, control and balance, through athletics and gymnastics.
- allows children to enjoy communicating, collaborating and competing with each other. They should develop an understanding of how to improve in different physical activities and sports and learn how to evaluate and recognise their own success.
- enables children to take part in outdoor and adventurous activity challenges both individually and within a team, both on the school site and away at residential weekends.
- In addition to the above, at Calcot Schools we aim to implement swimming instruction to all KS2 pupils, where pupils will be taught to:
- swim competently, confidently and proficiently over a distance of at least 25 metres
- use a range of strokes effectively, for example: front crawl, backstroke and breaststroke
- perform safe self-rescue in different water-based situations.
By providing our pupils with an excellent Physical Education curriculum, that provides a wide range of opportunities to develop their skills, competence and competitiveness, we hope that our children will:
understand the importance of regular physical activity as part of an active and healthy lifestyle.
build upon their prior learning as they move through the school, becoming confident and competent athletes owing to the wide range of physical education experiences they are offered.
have the opportunity to experience a broad and balanced curriculum of sports and physical activity they may not have previously tried, as well as be inspired by visits from influential athletes and sports personalities.
achieve or exceed age-related expectations in Physical Education.
participate in extracurricular sports and physical activity clubs, our annual Sports Week, and also represent Calcot Schools and inter-school competitions, festivals and tournaments.
develop skills and attributes they can use beyond school and into adulthood, as well as inspiring a passion for physical activity that sees children engage in physical activity clubs and societies outside of school.
develop essential water confidence and swimming skills, which in turn become vital life skills.
To measure the impact of the implementation of our Physical Education curriculum at Calcot Schools, there will be ongoing monitoring of children’s learning by both the class teacher, and any external sports coaches delivering curriculum content. This assessment is then used to inform differentiation, support and challenge required by the children, as well as to select children for inter-school sporting opportunities, which range from participation festivals to competitive matches and tournaments.
Summative assessment, recorded on assessment grids, is conducted by teachers after each Physical Education unit, ranging from broader topics such as Invasion Games in KS1 to specific team sports in KS2. This then informs the subject leader of progress or skills and knowledge still to be embedded and is reported to parents on an annual basis. The Physical Education subject leader monitors the implementation and impact of Physical Education throughout the academic year in the form of lesson observations, staff and pupil surveys, and organises opportunities such as training for Continued Professional Development (CPD) for staff to ensure the best possible provision at Calcot Schools.
EYFS pupils' progress and attainment is tracked using evidence from Tapestry and the staff assessment grids to tell us whether each individual child is working towards expected, at expected or working at greater depth for their age.
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